Milk is called nutrients powerhouse because of its nutrition values. The nutrient levels in milk and milk made products are very high. Our body can’t work with one nutrient, several nutrients drive the body, and we get these nutrients from our food. Milk provides us protein, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, potassium, magnesium, vitamin B12, and zinc. Here we will know details about the topmost nutrition value of milk and nutrients of milk.
Milk is both nutritious and delicious. It is considered as a healthy drink because of its high range of nutrients and minerals. It contains most of the nutrients that we need for health and body growth. We need milk throughout our life as it is useful for all ages and persons.
Nutrition Value of Milk
Milk is 3.4% of fat and fatty acid. It is a complex natural fat. So, excess energy stored as fat in the body. Milk and Dairy products contain trans fats naturally. Trans fats are beneficial for health and also for body growth. Fats are a structural element of hormones and cell membranes. The body uses fat during prolonged exercise over 90 minutes and low intensity.
They are a fundamental source of energy. Carbohydrates in milk are mainly in the form of lactose and it makes up around 5% of milk. The brain uses energy only as of the form of glucose and lactose. So, excess glucose keeps in the form of glycogen in the liver and muscles for later use. Carbs are essential for hormonal regulation in the body and also for body growth.
This is the energy source of the body, and responsible for muscle growth. Proteins are the major building blocks of skin, muscles, cellular components and hair. It helps repair damaged tissues and muscles contract and relax. They play an essential role in many body functions as hormones, enzymes, and antibodies. Experts suggest 25 to 30 grams of protein at each meal because one glass of milk contains eight grams of protein and also many nutrients.
Milk is a good source of water because milk is 87% water. Water does not provide nutritional benefit as vitamins proteins and other nutrients, but it is very important in the human body. It is a major element in the body and required the most to keep our digestion strong. Water maintains transports nutrients like glucose and oxygen to the tissues and organs. It also transports waste products away from tissues and organs. It maintains blood volume and circulation.
Minerals play many roles in the body including bone formation, enzyme function, oxygen transport, and water balance maintenance. Milk contains many minerals such as calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium and zinc. Only those are describing below which are high in percentage.
It helps and maintains teeth and bones and milk is a fine source of calcium. Calcium plays an essential role in muscle contraction, bone formation and metabolism, blood clotting and nerve transmission. It also prevents osteoporosis. People of middle aged and older adults suffer from a lack of calcium. So, milk can be a source of calcium for them.
Potassium plays a role in maintaining healthy blood pressure and regulate the balance of fluids in your body. Each glass of milk contains as much potassium as a small banana.
Phosphorus works with vitamin D and calcium to maintain bone health. A serving of milk provides 20 percent of the daily needed amount of phosphorus.
Vitamins help the body use fat, carbohydrates, and protein. They play many roles in the body including antioxidants. Milk contains vitamin A, vitamin B (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12), vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K. So, we only describe the vitamins which are high in percentage in milk.
Vitamin A helps to maintain a healthy immune and digestive system. It also keeps skin healthy. Each serving of milk and milk products serves 15 percent of Vitamin A of your daily recommended amount.
Vitamin B12 helps maintain the central nervous system and build red blood cells. Each serving of milk and milk products serves 50 percent of Vitamin B12 of your daily recommended amount so as to provide all the required nutrients for the body growth.
Sunlight makes vitamin D on the skin and so it is known as the “Sunshine vitamin” because it protects older adults from osteoporosis and the children from rickets. Milk fulfills 15 percent of the daily needs of vitamin D.
We all know about the importance and nutrition value of milk in our daily meals. So, from above you learn details about milk nutrients and nutrition value. Milk contains all the nutrients and crucial ingredients together. You can get all these nutrients from milk and milk made products which are described above. You can get milk from different sources such as buffalos, goats, cattle, and camels. From all these cow’s milk is more popular than all others because it has more nutrients and also beneficial for our body growth. You also may get some benefits by taking dairy products, such as yogurt, cream cheese, buttercream, labor, and butter. These products are derived from milk and all are fat substitutes.