Banana is one of the essential food crops present on the earth. These food crops are generally grown in warmer areas over the world, and they are native to Southeast Asia as bananas are part of Musa. Moreover, banana is a healthy source of potassium, fiber, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and various phytonutrients and antioxidants.
There are different types and sizes of bananas that exist, and their color ranges from green to yellow, but in some other varieties, they are red. An average medium-sized banana provides 89 calories per gram. So, without further ado, let us discuss some facts related to the nutrition of banana.
Bananas are considered one of the wealthiest carbohydrates, which happens to starch present in unripe bananas and sugars present in ripe bananas. Moreover, the composition of carbohydrates in bananas changes dramatically during the process of ripening. Starch is the main component of unripe bananas.
Research suggests that green bananas contain 80 percent of starch during the process of ripening, almost every component of starch is converted into sugar, and when it completely ripens, the starch percentage comes down to less than 1 percent. Moreover, the common types of sugar found in ripe bananas are fructose, sucrose, and glucose. The total sugar percentage can reach up to 18% of the fresh weight.
Most of the unripe banana consists of resistant starch, which goes through your gut undigested. Moreover, when resistant starch enters your large intestine, it is fermented by intestine bacteria to form a short-chain fatty acid named butyrate, which has shown some benefits for gut health. Apart from this, bananas also contain other fibers like pectin, and some of them are water-soluble. When bananas began to ripe, they can increase pectin levels, causing the banana to turn soft as they age. Thus, it helps in maintaining better blood sugar levels.
Vitamins And Minerals
Bananas are also considered a good source of various minerals and vitamins, especially vitamin B6, potassium, and vitamin C.
- Potassium: The total nutrition of banana contains a good percentage of potassium, which means a diet consisting of high potassium can lower the level of blood pressure and benefit heart health.
- Vitamin B6: Bananas consist of a higher percentage of vitamin B6, and one medium-sized banana can provide vitamins equivalent to 33% of the total daily value.
- Vitamin C: Bananas are rich in vitamin C, just like most fruits.
Other Plant Compounds
Every vegetables and fruit contain numerous bioactive plant compounds, which means bananas also consist of several compounds like dopamine and catechin.
Dopamine is an essential neurotransmitter present in your brain; dopamine from bananas does not affect your mood. Instead, it acts as an antioxidant.
Bananas consist of antioxidant flavonoids such as catechins, which have shown tremendous health benefits like reducing heart disease risk. In other words, several healthy antioxidants such as catechin and dopamine are present in bananas, which are responsible for many health benefits.
These are the nutritional facts about the bananas that you should know.